Starvation is being used as a weapon of war by the government of South Sudan against its own citizens, the inspection Have got.
Deliberate starvation tactics used by government forces and allied militias and opposition forces are driving civilians out of their homes, fueling Africa’s biggest refugee crisis, according to a report published on Thursday.
The report by law firm Global Rights Compliance states that all sides of the conflict have committed massive human rights abuses and violations of international humanitarian law.
The report is the first to call for the international community to intervene, calling for the crimes of starvation South Sudan are recognized as violators of international law, and that perpetrators of war crimes are brought to justice.
Starvation tactics included the massive and systematic burning and destruction of homes and property; destruction of food crops and markets; and targeted attacks on humanitarian aid workers. The devastation has forced hundreds of thousands of civilians to flee, mainly to refugee camps in northern Uganda.
Alex de Waal, Executive Director World Peace Foundation at Tufts University and an expert on the Horn of Africa said the crimes of starvation by South Sudanese government forces are well documented. Recently, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and researchers have been recording crimes and demanding accountability, he said.
“There is a real hope that the war crimes of starvation could be prosecuted for the first time either at the South Sudan Hybrid Tribunal or at an international court,” de Waal said.
South Sudan gained independence in 2011, but entered a protracted and bloody civil war in 2013. the United Nations Document Terrible cases of gang rape, sexual slavery and capital punishment. The outbreak of conflicts continues.
the country has also experienced severe flooding and dry.
According to the United Nations, the threat to human life and the threat of famine have never been greater. about 8 million people They are believed to be facing severe food insecurity.
One woman told the researchers, “We’re really upset with the soldiers, the very people who should be protecting civilians.” “We have seen a rise in looting cases, even when people are raped, robbed of their money and food. We understand that the soldiers are looting because they have not received their salaries for months. What does the government expect if it gives guns to its unpaid servants?”
Yasmin Souka, chair of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan, said: “People we meet tell us over and over again that the only way to stop the killing, rape and sexual violence, looting and plunder is to stop the violations.” Those responsible for these are held criminally accountable. Impunity for these grave violations since 2013 has brought us to this desperate point where most South Sudanese are unable to feed themselves and rely mainly on humanitarian aid.”
South Sudan is the deadliest place for humanitarian aid workers. since 2013, 130 people have died while delivering aid and servicesAccording to the United Nations, most of them are South Sudanese citizens.
Doctors Without Borders and world food program Citizens were forced to suspend the supply of food, healthcare and drinking water following violent attacks by their activists.